shh.sePublications
1 - 26 of 26
rss atomLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
  • Tirén, Veronica
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Bovin, Ida
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Kvinnors upplevelse och erfarenheter av vården vid perimenopaussymtom: en litteraturöversikt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Perimenopause is the period before a woman reach menopause. This period can cause several distressing symptoms, both psychological and physical, which affects women’s quality of life. A large number of women lack knowledge about perimenopause and its symptoms, but also where to seek care, advice and support. Additionally, women also felt that this topic is infrequently discussed.

    Aim

    The aim was to describe women’s experiences of health care during perimenopausal symptoms.

    Method

    The method used in this study was a literature review with a result based on 13 original scientific articles. We used 9 qualitative design, three quantitative study’s and one cross sectional study. The articles were obtained from the databases CINAHL and PubMed. The articles have been reviewed in accordance with Sophiahemmet University’s assessment basis. Further, the data analysis was accomplished with an integrated analysis model.

    Results

    The result of this literature review was formed into two main categories with associated subcategories, which were formed after the main findings in the result. Women’s experiences of healthcare regarding perimenopausal symptoms are described under the main categories Experience of health care and Experience of treatment.

    Conclusions

    It was of great significance that women with perimenopausal symptoms were treated with an understanding of the distressing problems they might experience. Providing the patience with a good treatment in addition to the patient having a good relationship with its healthcare provider led to a decrease in symptoms and discomfort for the women. Additionally, women also felt that health professionals' knowledge varied and that they had not received enough information from the health service about menopause and its symptoms, causing many to feel unprepared for this period.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • Bergqvist, Ebba
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Jyrell, Ella
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Erfarenheter av vården hos personer med substansbrukssyndrom: en litteraturöversikt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Drug use disorder is a global health-related issue. It is a neuropsychiatric disease that entails a strong need for drug intake despite harmful consequences. The need is driven by the rewarding effects that drugs have on the brain. In 2019, close to half a million people lost their lives due to drugs, and as the patient group tends to live with illness, their paths intersect with healthcare continuously. The encounter with the patient group occurs in all parts of the healthcare chain, and thus, healthcare personnel need knowledge and understanding of their experiences with health care. 

    Aim

    The aim was to illustrate healthcare experiences for people when a substance use disorder is present.

    Method

    A non-systematic literature overview based on 15 scientific publications. The scientific publications are retrieved from the databases PubMed, CINAHL and Psycinfo. A thorough quality review has been conducted of the 15 scientific publications that were used in the literature overview. The data were analyzed with an integrated analysis method.

    Results

    This literature overview came up with two categories and five subcategories. The first category was the experience of stigma with the subcategories; interactions and attitudes, healthcare staff suspicions and strategies to avoid stigma. The second category was experiences of quality of care with the subcategories; unequal care and pain management.

    Conclusions

    In summary people that suffer from a drug use disorder experience that they receive care with lower quality. They experience stigmatizing treatment characterized by abusive attitudes and lack of trust. Strategies used by the patient group to avoid stigma has often led to a destructive relationship with healthcare through withholding of information and by hesitation to seek care. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • Nordenskiöld, Yasmine
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Melin, Benjamin
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Flyktingars upplevelser och erfarenheter av att söka hälso- och sjukvård i ett nytt land: en icke-systematisk litteraturöversikt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background 

    About 110 million people are displaced worldwide, aiming to seek protection and asylum in a new country. The process of fleeing and establishing in a new country can be characterized by numerous challenges that impact both the mental and physical health. The prevalence of mental and physical health issues is high among refugees, and research indicates that the refugee population generally seeks healthcare to a lesser extent than the rest of the population. Nurses should provide equitable care to all people with a person- centered approach. It is beneficial for nurses to have insights into specific patient groups, such as refugees, and their experiences in seeking healthcare. 

    Aim 

    The aim of this study was to highlight refugees' experiences of seeking healthcare in a new country. 

    Method 

    A non-systematic literature review based on 17 scientific original articles, comprising 16 articles with a qualitative study design and one with a quantitative study design. Data collection was retrieved using keywords combined in different search blocks in the databases PubMed and CINAHL. The results were analyzed and compiled through an integrated data analysis. The quality of the articles was reviewed by using the evaluation criteria for scientific classification and quality from Sophiahemmet University. 

    Results 

    The results of this study describe refugees' experiences of seeking health care in a new country, revealing both positive and negative experiences. Three main categories were identified as central: Accessibility of healthcare, communication, existential and psychological experiences in the encounter with health care. Individual experiences were highlighted, influenced by both societal and individual factors. 

    Conclusions 

    This literature review demonstrated that refugees' experiences of seeking health care in a new country can vary. In many cases, there was a perceived lack of respect from healthcare personnel, marked by disrespect, language barriers, discrimination, and racism. The cultural competence and understanding of individual needs and circumstances by healthcare personnel were emphasized as crucial in interactions with refugees for a positive experience. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    Slutversion-C-uppsatsen.pdf
  • Jonas, Claudia
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Upplevelse av konst i vårdmiljö: en litteraturöversikt2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Hospital environments are often characterized as cold and impersonal, with limited space for interpersonal interactions. One of the core competencies of nursing is person-centered care, where art can be used as a facilitating tool in patient encounters. Within the context of the interaction between patients and healthcare providers, art plays a significant role, serving as support in communication, thereby promoting health-improving interactions. Against this backdrop, there is a need to explore patients' experiences of art in healthcare settings, in order to gain a deeper understanding of the significance of art and its potential to improve the healthcare environment, patient encounters, and patients' well-being within the healthcare sector.

    Aim

    The aim was to highlight the patient's experience of art in the healthcare environment.

    Method

    A non-systematic literature review, based on 15 scientific original articles with both qualitative and quantitative approaches. To collect relevant articles, a search was conducted in the PubMed and CINAHL databases using various combinations of search terms. Subsequently, all included articles underwent a quality assessment following the evaluation criteria outlined by Sophiahemmet University for scientific classification and quality. The results were compiled and analyzed through an integrated data analysis process.

    Results

    In the results summary, four distinct categories emerged: Creates emotional well-being that provides support, Promotes conversations and interactions, Encourages reflection and provides distraction, and Fosters a sense of hope and control. These findings underscored the significant role of art in healthcare, not only as an aesthetic component, but also as a valuable resource that enhances the well-being of patients. It contributes to increased opportunities for communication, encourages reflection, provides distraction, and fosters a sense of hope and control.

    Conclusions

    This literature review demonstrates that the integration of art in the healthcare environment is a valuable initiative with the potential to enhance patients' overall healthcare experience and their overall health and well-being. This underscores the importance of continuing to research and promote the use of art in healthcare to create a more supportive and rewarding healthcare environment.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • Dahlin, Minna
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Reidefors, Cecilia
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Hur upplever patienter med övervikt och obesitas mötet med vården?: en litteraturöversikt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background 

    Overweight and obesity are prevalent worldwide and are becoming more common, leading to consequences for the individual, the society, and healthcare. Weight bias and weight stigma are associated with large weight and is present in all of society. Nurses encounter patients with overweight and obesity in all healthcare contexts and should therefore be knowledgeable about the experiences of these patients. The theoretical framework for this paper is Jean Watson’s Unitary Caring Science and the term Caritas-Veritas. 

    Aim 

    The aim was to examine how patients who are overweight or obese experience the encounter with healthcare. 

    Method 

    This non-systematic literary review is based upon 15 scientific original articles. Structured searches were performed in the databases PubMed and CINAHL. All included articles have undergone a quality assessment and the results have been compiled in an integrated analysis. 

    Results 

    Experiences of weight stigma appeared in most of the studies. Various populations seem to experience weight stigma differently and several factors appear to contribute to this. Across several studies, patients experienced that weight stigma manifested as a large focus on weight management and weight loss within healthcare. Patients also described different ways that weight stigma affected their psychological and physical health, their well-being, their relationship with healthcare and their proneness to seek care. Systematic shortages within the healthcare system are identified. Several studies highlight positive aspects of the encounter with healthcare and how the patients wish to be treated. 

    Conclusions 

    Weight stigma is present in all areas of healthcare and has extensive consequences for the patient. Systematic shortcomings in the healthcare system and how they affect overweight and obese people are identified. There are mentions of positive patient experiences as well as wishes. Reflection and internal criticism are necessary for implementation of these wishes and suggestions. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    Minna Dahlin och Cecilia Reidefors
  • Jensen, Anni
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Lewis, Linn
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Personer med intellektuella funktionsnedsättningar och deras vårdares upplevelser av den somatiska hälso- och sjukvården: en icke-systematisk litteraturöversikt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    People with intellectual disabilities [ID] have complex and varied health issues and commonly suffer from co-morbidity. Therefore, it is not uncommon to find patients with ID within the somatic health care system. It is, however, not as common for health care staff to possess knowledge about people with ID. The health care staff's limited knowledge of ID in combination with communication barriers that can arise often result in a lack of person-centered care. Patients with ID are therefore at a greater risk of getting harmed in health care compared to people without ID.

    Aim

    The aim of this literature review was to investigate how people with intellectual disabilities and their carers experience somatic health care.

    Method

    Database searches were performed in PubMed and CINAHL and resulted in the inclusion of 14 original scientific articles that met the authors' inclusion criteria. All 14 articles were quality-checked based on Sophiahemmet University's assessment document for scientific classification and quality. The results were then compiled using integrated data analysis.

    Results

    Three main themes and seven sub-themes were identified after collating the results of the 14 original articles. The three main themes were: experiences of information and communication; experiences of knowledge and attitudes; and experiences of relationship and trust. The result highlighted that people with ID and their carers experienced inadequate communication and knowledge, as well as negative attitudes from health carestaff. These faults, in combination with inaccessible information, substandard care adaptations and poor continuity, resulted in a lack of trust in the health care system and itsstaff.

    Conclusions

    It is of necessity that nurses gain an increased knowledge about people with ID and learn how to communicate with them in a clear and respectful manner, to ensure that people with ID receive a safe and person-centered care and to improve people with ID and their carers' experiences of health care.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Självständigt arbete Linn Lewis, Annie Jensen.pdf
  • Axén, Louise
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Brorsson, Mika
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Fysisk aktivitet vid depressiva tillstånd - hindrande och främjande faktorer: en icke-systematisk litteraturöversikt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background 

    Physical activity has positive effects on health and can reduce symptoms in depressive conditions that negatively impact people's daily lives. Using physical activity as a treatment method can be equated with antidepressant medication for mild and moderate depression. To enable nurses to support individuals with depressive conditions in engaging in physical activity, a compilation of existing research on inhibiting and facilitating factors affecting participation is needed. 

    Aim 

    The aim was to illustrate inhibiting and facilitating factors for physical activity in individuals with depressive conditions. 

    Method 

    The literature review was based on 16 scientific original articles employing both qualitative and quantitative approaches within a non-systematic design. Data collection was conducted through searches in the PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO databases using combined search terms. Selected articles underwent quality assessment based on Sophiahemmet University College's criteria for scientific classification and quality. An integrated data analysis was employed for the compilation and analysis of all 16 articles, and the results were discussed in relation to Prochaska and DiClemente's transtheoretical model of change. 

    Results 

    In the results, two main categories were identified: Inhibiting factors and Successful factors. The factors considered to limit the engagement in physical activity included the impact of depression, encompassing symptoms and their severity, lack of motivation, and the ability to translate intention into action. Factors promoting engagement in physical activity included continuous, professional, and social support in the form of scheduled exercise sessions, encouragement, and expected participation. 

    Conclusions 

    The symptoms of depression and the severity of the condition significantly impacted the engagement in physical activity. Through continuous, professional, and social support, strategies can be identified to overcome inhibiting factors. Physical activity increased when it felt manageable, was done for enjoyment, and involved a personal trainer. Nurses have the ability to establish trusting partnerships through a person-centered approach. Through exploratory conversations and persistent follow-up, they can support individuals with depressive conditions in symptom relief by encouraging increased physical activity. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    Självständigt arbete, Louise Axén, Mika Brorsson
  • Bergfelt, Andrea
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Juhlin Fredriksson, Anna
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Patienters erfarenheter av delaktighet vid palliativ vård: en litteraturöversikt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Palliative care aims to ease and prevent suffering, it is a form of care that focuses on improving and maintaining people’s quality of life. If people’s needs are recognized at an early stage, better quality of care can be provided. All people in need of palliative care must get access to it. Participation means that patients get a chance to promote their health, strengthen their autonomy and use their own resources to do it. It has been shown that active patient participation can be beneficial, therefore its relevant to gather more knowledge about patients experiences to then be able to use it from a health promoting perspective.

    Aim

    The aim of this study was to highlight patients’ experiences of participation in palliative care.

    Method

    The method of this study was a non-systematic literature review. 15 scientific articles with mixed method, qualitative and quantitative design were included. The databases used were CINAHL and PubMed. The articles have been quality reviewed based on Sophiahemmet University´s assessment tool for scientific classification and quality. To finally compile the results, an integrated data analysis was used.

    Results

    Two main categories were identified in the study results: Positive experiences of participation and Negative experiences of participation. Positive experiences of participation were divided into three subcategories which were good communication, increased well-being and trust and confidence. Negative experiences were also divided into three subcategories which were feeling overlooked, sense of meaninglessness and lack of information.

    Conclusions

    The result showed the importance of a person-centered approach of participation in palliative care. It emerged that increased participation led to improved quality of life for the patients. As a health care professional, it is important to work person-centered because every situation and every patient is unique. Shared decision-making generally increased the sense of participation in palliative care.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Självständigt arbete, Anna Bergfelt och Anna Juhlin Fredriksson.pdf
  • Renner, Anna
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Holmberg, Elin
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Omvårdnadsåtgärder som syftar till att minska ofrivillig ensamhet hos äldre i ordinärt boende: en litteraturöversikt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    As the elderly population increases, so does the number of seniors experiencing loneliness. Today, involuntary loneliness is considered a public health issue associated with increased mortality among those affected. Nurses play a significant role in addressing the loneliness of the elderly through person-centered care, consideration of the individual's abilities and needs to promote a meaningful daily life. Based on this, knowledge needs to be compiled in the field to enhance understanding of measures that improve the social situation and which aims to reduce involuntary loneliness for elderly individuals. A sense of coherence, SOC, can act as a protective factor against loneliness and has therefore been chosen as the theoretical framework for this literature review.

    Aim

    The purpose was to highlight nursing interventions aimed to reduce the experience of involuntary loneliness among older adults living in ordinary housing.

    Method

    A non-systematic review was conducted based on 18 articles using quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods. The articles were retrieved from CINAHL and PubMed databases and underwent a quality review. The results of the articles were compiled through an integrated analysis.

    Results

    The results revealed several interventions that had a positive effect on reducing involuntary loneliness among older adults. The most prominent interventions aiming to reduce the experience of loneliness in older individuals were group activities, companion animals, volunteer work, digital aids and individual support. These were found to be effective with a person-centered approach and emphasize combined nursing measures for a lasting reduction of loneliness. Factors such as limited mobility, health conditions and the degree of perceived loneliness were found to influence the effectiveness of the different interventions.

    Conclusions

    This review provides insightful perspectives and emphasizes the importance of integrating the presented nursing interventions in the care of elderly to reduce involuntary loneliness, an escalating societal issue within this age group. By incorporating the theory Sense of Coherence into the care of elderly and implementing a holistic and person-centered approach, efforts can be directed and effectively reduce involuntary loneliness among older individuals.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • Staaf Friborg, Hanna
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Levin Anderberg, Wilma
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Kvinnors upplevelse av att leva med diagnosen endometrios: en litteraturöversikt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Endometriosis is a chronic disease estimated to affect every tenth woman of reproductive age. The disease manifests through a holistic perspective, impacting both physically, mentally, socially, and existentially. There is a lack of knowledge about endometriosis, leading to delayed diagnoses and inadequate care for affected women. Increased awareness and understanding of endometriosis can contribute to improved healthcare and enhanced quality of life for these women. Therefore, there is a need to compile current research to increase healthcare professionals' knowledge and understanding of endometriosis.

    Aim

    The aim was to highlight women´s experiences of living with the diagnosis of endometriosis.

    Method

    This non-systematic literature review was based on 15 scientific original articles of both qualitative and quantitative approaches. Database searches were systematically performed in PubMed, CINAHL and Psycinfo using varied combinations of search terms. The articles were quality-reviewed regarding quality and scientific classification according to the assessment criteria of Sophiahemmet University. The results were compiled and analyzed through an integrated data analysis.

    Results

    During the consolidation of the results, four primary categories were identified: Experiences of physical impact, Experiences of psychological impact, Experiences of social impact, and Experiences of existential impact. The results depicted women´s experiences of living with endometriosis from different perspectives.

    Conclusions

    Endometriosis negatively affected women´s perceived quality of life and created suffering across various dimensions. The psychological consequences of the disease turned out to be more pronounced than the physical ones. The most prevalent physical symptom included various forms of pain such as pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea and dyspereunia, causing significant distress for the women. The insufficient knowledge among healthcare encounters, leading to a sense of hopelessness and a lack of expertise in the women´s care. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    Självständigt arbete Wilma Levin Anderberg & Hanna Staaf Friborg
  • Karlsson, Isabelle
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Trollsås, Ella
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Abortsökandes upplevelser av att möta hälso- och sjukvården vid en inducerad abort: en litteraturöversikt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Abortion is one of the most common medical procedures within healthcare and is of utter importance for an impacted person's health and life. Barriers that lead to an increased count of unsafe abortions are economic status, geographical location, as well as disrespectful and discriminatory abortion care. An induced abortion is not an easy process and brings up many different emotions and most people need some type of nursing care throughout the process of an induced abortion. Nurses are crucial to this process and must support the person seeking an abortion and aid in handling their situation.

    Aim

    The purpose of this literature review was to illuminate the experiences of meeting health care workers among persons who have undergone an induced abortion.

    Method

    This study is a non-systematic literature review that included 15 scientific articles. With the use of keywords, we searched for articles in CINAHL and PubMed. All articles underwent a quality review with the guidance of Sophiahemmet University´s assessment tool for scientific classification and quality. An integrated data analysis was used to analyze and summarize the results.

    Results

    People’s experiences of meeting healthcare workers throughout an induced abortion varied from care that was better than expected to much worse, for example, experiences of sexual harassment. Good information, good support, and patient participation among abortion seekers were important for the experience of meeting the healthcare system, especially where hinders and challenges in care were identified.

    Conclusions

    The central aspects that impacted the varied experience of abortion healthcare were information, support, patient participation as well as hinders and challenges to healthcare. Stigma, criminalization of abortion, and waiting times were seen as the two biggest barriers that impacted the experience of going through an abortion. Joyce Travelbee’s nursing care theory was applied in the study.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Självständigt arbete Ella Trollsås Isabelle Karlsson
  • Persraw, Lana
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Ramirez, Jorge Andres
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Faktorer som påverkar läkemedelsföljsamhet hos äldre: en icke-systematisk litteraturöversikt över upplevelse, utmaningar och individuella uppfattningar hos äldre människor2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background 

    The growing elderly population faces complex challenges related to age-related diseases and health conditions, necessitating the management of comprehensive medical treatment plans involving multiple concurrent medications and recommendations. Despite this, older individuals encounter barriers that affect adherence to their treatment plans. Difficulties such as lack of knowledge, unclear guidelines, healthcare personnel training, and socio-economic conditions can all contribute to these obstacles. To improve adherence to treatment plans among older individuals, it is crucial to enhance understanding of the specific challenges and attitudes they face when managing multiple medications simultaneously. These increased insights will form the basis for identifying solutions and strategies to facilitate this complex process. 

    Aim 

    The aim was to describe factors influencing older individuals' adherence to prescribed drug treatment, with a focus on their experiences, challenges, and individual perceptions. 

    Method 

    A non-systematic literature review was conducted through a comprehensive search of English-language articles in CINAHL and PubMed. After applying inclusion and exclusion criteria, 15 relevant articles were reviewed, assessed according to Sophiahemmet University College's quality criteria. The results were compiled and analyzed through an integrated data analysis.

    Results 

    Medication adherence is crucial to ensure effective treatment in older patients. Unfortunately, poor adherence is common, leading to suboptimal outcomes and an increased risk of complications. Physical and cognitive limitations, complex treatment regimens, lack of understanding, and difficulties in managing medication are factors that can affect the medication adherence of older individuals. 

    Conclusions 

    To improve medication adherence, a person-centred care model and individual measures are required, including patient education, use of technological aids, regular follow-ups and collaboration between different healthcare providers. An interdisciplinary and holistic approach, involving nurses, doctors, pharmacists and other healthcare providers, is necessary. Further research is needed to explore different measures and strategies and evaluate their effectiveness and feasibility.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Självständigt arbete, Jorge Andres Ramirez & Lana Persraw
  • Wedin, Karolina
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Wickell, Elin
    Sophiahemmet University.
    COVID-19 patienters upplevelser i isolering på sjukhus: en icke-systematisk litteraturöversikt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background 

    For the past four years, COVID-19 has spread across the world and been devastating for society, healthcare, and the individual. The virus has caused severe symptoms for many and there are currently over six million COVID-19-related deaths. The recommendations during the pandemic were to distance yourself and those who became infected were isolated, at home or in hospital. Research has shown that those isolated in hospital experienced a negative impact on their psychological well-being and therefore there was an interest in investigating what experiences patients with COVID-19 have experienced during isolation. 

    Aim 

    The aim was to examine the experiences of patients with COVID-19 in hospital isolation. 

    Method 

    A non-systematic literature review based on a total of 15 original scientific articles, of which 12 are quantitative and 3 are qualitative studies. The articles have been retrieved after searches in databases CINAHL and PubMed and have been quality-checked according to Sophiahemmet's assessment document for scientific classification and quality. The results were compiled through an integrated analysis method. 

    Results 

    The results are presented in four main categories: experiences of mental illness, experiences of social support, experiences of the hospital environment, and experiences of coping strategies. The results showed that patients in isolation experienced a negative impact on their mental health and that social support was an important coping strategy for this. Patients felt that communication with healthcare staff had shortcomings, but it was at the same time perceived as an important part of their isolation care. 

    Conclusions 

    This literature review clarifies many different types of experiences related to hospital isolation due to COVID-19. The results highlight experiences of mental illness, communication problems, care experiences and coping strategies, all important for increasing the understanding of patients in isolation care. With a greater understanding of the challenges patients face in such conditions, healthcare professionals can take the necessary steps to facilitate these patients. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • Kinneson, Linnea
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Tholden Wickström, Siri
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Föräldrars upplevelse av att förlora ett barn i cancersjukdom: en icke-systematisk litterturöversikt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Every year, more than 80,000 children worldwide pass away from cancer. The lives of the parents are turned upside down after the loss, influenced by various factors. Grief and suffering become a large part of their lives. The life situation becomes challenging, and the parents’ need for support from family, friends, and healthcare professionals, becomes extensive.

    Aim

    The aim was to illustrate parents’ experience of being bereaved of a child to cancer.

    Method

    A non-systematic literature review was chosen as the design for this study, based on 15 articles with qualitative, quantitative, and mixed approaches. The articles were identified in the databases PubMed and CINAHL. A quality review, following the assessment criteria for scientific classification and quality at Sophiahemmet University, was conducted. An integrated data analysis approach was used to compile and analyse the results.

    Results

    The data analysis resulted in three categories: The loss of a child, Factors influencing the grieving process and Experiences of healthcare. The results indicated that the experience of losing a child to cancer entails heavy grief. Receiving support from social networks, support groups, and cherishing memories of the child aided the grief process. Engagement in activities and religious contexts also played a role. A positive relationship with healthcare professionals was crucial for alleviating grief, with high-quality communication and honest, detailed information being important.

    Conclusions

    This literature review revealed that parents experience profound grief following the loss of their child, manifested through psychosocial challenges. Several circumstances positively influenced the grieving process, and the healthcare professionals’ relationship with the parents was crucial. Through increased understanding of the parents’ need for comprehensive and honest communication, as well as the value of informing about the factors that can aid the grieving process, healthcare can be improved, and the negative consequences experienced by the parents can be alleviated.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • Tsitlakidou, Dimitra
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Yoneyama, Emi
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Möjligheter och hinder för att förebygga trycksår: en icke- systematisk litteraturöversikt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Pressure ulcers that occur during the period of care can be prevented. However, they stillrepresent an ongoing safety and quality problem in healthcare. Various evidence-basedpreventive measures are available to avoid the damage. Despite this, implementation inclinical practice is limited. An understanding of the possibilities and barriers in theimplementation of these efforts from different perspectives is of great importance, so thattargeted strategies can be incorporated into implementation plans.

    Aim

    The aim was to identify facilitators and barriers to prevent pressure ulcers.

    Method

    A non-systematic literature review based on 16 original scientific articles using bothqualitative and quantitative methods from the databases PubMed and CINAHL. Thequality of the articles was checked based on Sophiahemmet University's assessment basisfor scientific classification and quality. The results were compiled and analyzed in anintegrated data analysis.

    Results

    In the compilation, identified how various factors affect the implementation of pressureulcer prevention work. These factors were divided into three main categories: organization,health care professionals and patients. Opportunities such as a supportive organization,regular educational opportunities, access to equipment, positive attitudes, competent staff,and patient involvement can facilitate the implementation. Insufficient resources, lack ofknowledge and training, lack of documentation, negative attitudes, patient resistance,medically unstable patients, and the patient's lack of understanding of the pressure ulcerprevention measures are barriers to implementation.

    Conclusions

    Possibilities and barriers to prevent pressure ulcers were identified in several areas. For asuccessful pressure ulcer prevention that leads to a significant reduction in the occurrenceof pressure ulcers, a supporting organization is needed to prepare to make improvementmeasures to create good conditions so that the staff can work actively and efficiently withthe implementation of pressure ulcer prevention measures.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Dimitra Tsitlakidou & Emi Yoneyama-godkänd slutversion
  • Bartley, Joanna
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Pettersson, Rebecka
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Patienters upplevelser av vårdrelationer vid endometrios: en icke-systematisk litteraturöversikt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Endometriosis is a chronic medical condition that can cause diffuse symptoms such as severe menstrual pain, pain during intercourse, fatigue and reduced fertility. Living with endometriosis can affect the individual’s physical, psychological, social, and existential wellbeing to varying degrees. To promote the health of patients with endometriosis and alleviate their suffering, the nurse has a central role by offering safe and good care. A prerequisite for this is that the nurse has insight into the patient’s perspective.

    Aim

    The aim of this study was to describe patients with endometriosis and their experience of patient-healthcare professional relationships.

    Method

    A non-systematic literature review based on 17 scientific articles with qualitative,quantitative and mixed methods. The articles were retrieved from the databases PubMed and CINAHL using various combinations of search terms. A quality review of included articles has been carried out based on Sophiahemmet University's assessment basis for scientific classification and quality. The results of the scientific articles were analyzed and compiled with an integrated data analysis.

    Results

    The results were compiled into two main categories; the importance of feeling involved in the patient-healthcare professional relationship and having one's needs met. The result highlight that patients with endometriosis experience shortcomings in their patient-healthcare professional relationships and a lack of a person-centered approach.

    Conclusions

    This literature review showed valuable insights into how patients with endometriosis can benefit from a person-centered approach in the patient-healthcare professional relationship.The compilation identified that patients feel that healthcare professionals have a lack of knowledge about endometriosis, provide insufficient information and, in many cases,normalize their symptoms. The result points to the need for an improvement in endometriosis care. Increased knowledge and understanding of the patient’s experience of the patient-healthcare professional relationship can contribute to increased well-being.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Joanna Bartley & Rebecka Pettersson
  • Säflund, Amanda
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Falk, Sofie
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Substansberoende och smärta: patientens upplevelse av mötet med vården2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Pain and substance dependence are major issues globally, and substance dependence is reported to have increased the past decade. When pain and substance dependence coexist, a complex situation arises both for caregivers and people with substance dependency seeking pain relief. Lack of knowledge, internal conflicts in the healthcare staff and stigmatization of substance dependency threaten to lead to inadequate treatment and suffering for the person seeking care. To develop the care for people with substance dependence of narcotics requiring pain relief further research is needed regarding how this patient group experiences the encounter with healthcare.

    Aim

    The aim was to describe how people with substance dependency of narcotics experiences the encounter with healthcare whilst in need of pain relief.

    Method

    This non-systematic literature review was based on 17 scientific articles which were analyzed using integrated analysis. The scientific articles were obtained through search work in the databases CINAHL and PubMed. The articles were quality checked based on Sophiahemmet University's assessment tool. 

    Results

    The results indicated how people with substance dependency mainly had negative experiences of the encounter with healthcare, including stigmatization and lack of treatment. This led to the patients seeking pain relief illegally and a loss of trust in healthcare. The results were discussed on the basis of Sigridúr Halldórsdóttir's theory of human encounters in nursing based on the patient's perspective. 

    Conclusions

    Many who suffer from substance dependency and co-occurring pain experience being marginalized when encountering healthcare. This literature review highlights how prejudice and stigma exists in the encounter between the healthcare staff and a vulnerable group in society. Knowledge and education regarding this particular group of patients can provide nurses with insights and lead to an improved and more inclusive encounter between patients with substance abuse of narcotics and healthcare staff.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Självständigt arbete Sofie Falk Amanda Säflund
  • Knight, Petrine
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Oblak, Filippa
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Personers erfarenheter av djurassisterad terapi vid psykisk ohälsa: en icke-systematisk litteraturöversikt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Mental health disorders affect many people worldwide. Pharmacological treatment is the most common way to treat these conditions. However, this type of treatment can have unwanted side effects, which raises the demand for psychotherapy, other nonpharmacological treatments and additional methods of care. Animal-assisted therapy is a non-pharmacological intervention that has started to be used more and more within psychiatric care in order to increase a person’s well-being. This therapy form is used to improve a person’s well-being and therefore should receive more attention. In nursing, it is important that nurses have a holistic perspective on health. Animal-assisted therapy can be part of this holistic approach that utilizes alternative treatments to promote mental health.

    Aim

    The aim of this study was to describe the experiences of persons with mental health disorders who underwent animal-assisted therapy.

    Method

    This is a non-systematic literature review with a systematic structure. Data collection was conducted by using the databases PubMed and CINAHL to search for relevant articles. Their quality was reviewed based on the quality assessment guidelines from Sophiahemmet University for scientific classification and quality. The result was based on 17 scientific articles of both qualitative and quantitative design. An integrated data analysis was used for collecting and analyzing the articles in the result.

    Results

    The results of this study identified two main categories: Persons’ Experiences of Animal-Assisted Therapy and its Psychological Effects and Persons’ Experiences of Animal-Assisted Therapy and its Social Effects. The results showed that animal-assisted therapy had a positive effect on a person’s well-being and quality of life. Animal-assisted therapy contributed to improved mood and decreased stress, anxiety, and depression. Therapy animals helped the study subjects improve their communication skills, and also helped them in forming and maintaining new relationships with other people. This made subjects feel more secure and have improved self-esteem, which in turn helped when interacting with others.

    Conclusions

    Animal-assisted therapy can be used in nursing to improve a person’s mental health and reinforce their sense of coherence. The results of this study show that while animal-assisted therapy has positive effects on a person’s mental health, this type of therapy is not always best-suited for all due to such issues as chronic pain, allergies, and fear of animals. Therefore, it is important for nurses to be familiar with this non-pharmacological treatment so that they can offer patients an alternate form of person-centered treatment.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Självständigt arbete, Petrine Knight & Filippa Oblak
  • Lindström, Johanna
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Noori, Mandana
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Kvinnors hälsa efter att de blivit utsatta för våld av en partner: en litteraturöversikt2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background 

    Violence in intimate relationships is a global public health issue. According to a WHO study, many women around the world have been exposed to various forms of violence from their partners. Health is defined in different ways. In nursing science, health is defined as a balance between physical, mental and social well-being. Violence comes in different forms and can be practiced physically, psychologically, sexually and financially. Women are particularly vulnerable to such violence. Nurses have an important role in detecting and supporting women who are exposed. However, there are gaps in nurses' knowledge and self-confidence when it comes to handling these situations.

    Aim 

    The aim was to shed light on women's health after being subjected to violence by a partner.

    Method 

    A non-systematic literature review has been carried out based on 15 scientific articles, which include qualitative as well as quantitative approaches. The articles were gathered from the PubMed and CINAHL databases by employing various combinations of keywords. The included articles have been peer-reviewed and subjected to a quality assessment using the criteria established by Sophiahemmet Univeristy for evaluating their scientific classification and quality.

    Results 

    The results were compiled under four main categories: physical health, mental health, social health, and harmful health behaviours as a consequence of partner violence. The results indicate that violence in a close relationship has several bad consequences on all types of health and that it leads to harmful health behaviour, which means that the abused woman cannot achieve good health.

    Conclusions 

    This essay highlighted women's health after intimate partner violence. The violence has a negative impact on physical, mental and social health and leads to unhealthy behaviour. Everyone in healthcare should be able to meet abused women and offer relevant help and support. This literature review hopes to increase nurses' awareness of intimate partner violence and its broad consequences, which is necessary for detection, prevention, knowledge dissemination and support for the affected women.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Utlånade examination Johanna Lindström och Mandana Noori
  • Alpenmyr, Jessica
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Hedén, Jessica
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Hur könsstymade kvinnor upplever sin sexualitet: en allmän litteraturstudie2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Genital mutilation is a thousand-year-old tradition that is still carried out in large parts of the world today. In genital mutilation, parts of the genitals are damaged or removed, and in some cases the labia are sewn together. In Sweden, female genital mutilation is an illegal act that violates human rights.

    Aim

    The aim was to investigate the experience of female genital mutilation regarding their ownsexuality. 

    Method

    A general literature review was carried out by database search in CINAHL and PubMed. The articles were reviewed using Caldwell's quality framework and the data analysis was performed through a thematic analysis based on 16 qualitative articles that answered the aim of the study.

    Results

    The findings clarified that the majority of women experience intercourse pain, reduced sensation in the abdomen and a lack of sexual function. However, some of the women describe that they can experience pleasure and achieve orgasm, but that it usually requires more time and stimulation. Several of the women can also feel pleasure when touching other erogenous parts of the body. The women see sex from a reproductive purpose, and it is considered their duty to satisfy the man sexually. It is common that the differences in sexual drive between the parties to cause problems in the relationship.

    Conclusion

    Female genital mutilation causes pain during intercourse and limits the woman's sexuality. The reduced sexual function affects the partner relationship negatively and many women want to avoid sexual intercourse. External factors influence the attitude to sex and the experience of one's own sexuality, which shows in women who have migrated to Western countries.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • Poli, Maggie
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Ivanova, Rositsa
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Personer med migrantbakgrund upplevelser av tolk i vårdmötet vid språkbarriärer: en icke-systematisk litteraturöversikt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Global migration has increased significantly and the need for interpreters within healthcare has grown. Interpreters play a crucial role in the communication between people with migrant backgrounds and the healthcare system when language barriers exist. Nurses bear significant responsibility to ensure communication is clear, comprehensible and respectful between the person and the interpreter, regardless of language or cultural barriers. This in turn can help avoid misunderstandings and treatment errors.

    Aim

    The aim of the literature review was to describe how people with migrant backgrounds experience the use of an interpreter in communication in the healthcare setting.

    Method

    This literature review includes 15 original articles using a qualitative method. They were selected through systematic data collection in PubMed and CINAHL. Assessment criteria from Sophiahemmet University were used to evaluate the articles. The studies have been reviewed and compiled based on an integrated data analysis.

    Results

    The results showed that people with migrant backgrounds experienced varying emotions in the healthcare meeting depending on the interpreter’s professionalism. The professional interpreter created feelings of security and trust whilst the non-professional interpreter brought challenges such as breach of privacy, mistrust, and concern for mistranslations. Informal interpreters were used when there was a lack of professional interpreters; the advantage was easy access whilst the disadvantage was that it created different experiences for people with a migrant background.

    Conclusions

    The literature review focused on the experiences of people with a migrant background using an interpreter in healthcare encounters. The result highlighted the importance of professional interpreters to create security, improve communication, and strengthen healthcare trust. Despite benefits of informal interpreters, challenges such as language uncertainties and impact on persons privacy were identified. Ensuring the presence of a professional interpreter is necessary to promote open communication and create a safer person-centered healthcare environment, this is especially relevant in Sweden with its multicultural population.

    Download full text (pdf)
    JAN26MPoli & RIvanova FINAL
  • Marklund, Frida
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Virchenko, Yuliya
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Icke-farmakologiska metoder som kompletterande behandling vid postoperativ smärta: en icke-systematisk litteraturöversikt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Pain is one of the most common reasons for persons to seek medical care. As all surgical procedures involve tissue damage that triggers pain, postoperative pain management should be well adapted to the individual person and the surgical procedure performed.  Although pharmacological drugs continue to be the primary line of treatment for pain relief after surgery, they often lead to unwanted side effects. Research focusing on the use of non-pharmacological approaches that can complement the pharmacological treatment of postoperative pain is limited. This opens up for further nursing research in this area.

    Aim

    The aim was to describe the effects of non-pharmacological treatments as a complement to pharmacological pain relief for people with postoperative pain.

    Method

    The study was conducted as a non-systematic literature review based on 15 scientific articles of quantitative design. The searches were done in the databases CINAHL and PubMed. Included articles were quality reviewed based on Sophiahemmet's assessment basis. An integrated data analysis was conducted to compile the results.

    Results

    The study indicates that there is a wide variety of non-pharmacological interventions that can complement the pharmacological treatment of postoperative pain. Two main categories were identified: Effects of physical treatment methods and Effects of body-mind and relaxation techniques. Most of the reviewed studies demonstrated positive effects of non-pharmacological methods for postoperative pain management. Some of these studies examined the impact of the methods on opioid use, reduction of preoperative anxiety, impact on person´s physiological parameters and observed improved outcomes with statistical significance.

    Conclusions

    The results show that there are several non-pharmacological methods that can be used in addition to pharmacological pain management for people with postoperative pain and have an overall positive effect. By applying these methods, the nurse can alleviate the person´s suffering and create nursing care that is adapted to the person's specific needs.

     

    Download full text (pdf)
    JAN26 Marklund & Virchenko FINAL.pdf
  • Ellström, Martina
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Persson, Nathalie
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Personers perspektiv av stöd vid behandling av övervikt och obesitas: en litteraturöversikt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Overweight and obesity is a global epidemic with negative consequences for public health. Treatment offered can include lifestyle changes, pharmacological or surgical treatment. However, care services are unevenly distributed with differences in supply and quality. What people with overweight or obesity consider supportive in regard to treatment can impact on treatment outcomes and sustainability over time. Therefore, it is important to investigate the person's perspective.

    Aim

    The aim of the study was to describe the person's perspective of support in the treatment of overweight and obesity in healthcare.

    Method

    A non-systematic literature review based on 15 original scientific articles. The articles were retrieved, based on various keywords for the purpose, in the databases PubMed and CINAHL. All articles have been quality reviewed based on Sophiahemmet University assessment documents. An integrated data analysis was performed to compile the results.

    Results

    Three main categories were identified: The need for individual adaptation, The important role of healthcare staff and The importance of social interactions. The results showed that the need for support is highly subjective and should be adapted based on each person's needs and resources. Healthcare professionals should possess knowledge, show compassion, listen and be non-judgmental to be seen as supportive. The need for support is belived to remain for a long time.

    Conclusions

    In order for support to be perceived as valuable by people who are being treated for their overweight or obesity, the treatment needs to be individualized. When the treatment is designed together with and based on the person, a holistic approach can be adopted. This can lead to less suffering and at the same time promote the people's well-being. In addition, obesity-related complications can be reduced as a result of good person-centered care with more effective and supportive treatment

    Download full text (pdf)
    JAN26 MEllström & NPersson Cuppsats FINAL
  • Engelkes, Liv
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Tollsten, Ellen
    Sophiahemmet University.
    När ett barn far illa: vård av ett barn som utsatts för våld eller neglekt: en icke-systematisk litteraturöversikt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Despite the fact that child abuse is illegal today and contravenes the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, child abuse still frequently occurs in Sweden, resulting in physical and psychological sequelae which could appear as physical and mental illness as well as subsequent development. Undetected child maltreatment implies a menace to both health and life. Since healthcare professionals are mandated reporters and the healthcare system might be the only institution to detect maltreatment, it is of great importance that healthcare professionals have sufficient knowledge regarding child abuse. 

    Aim

    The aim was to describe the care of abused or neglected children. 

    Method

    A non-systematic literature review was conducted including 16 scientific articles of qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-method design. The articles were obtained from two different databases: PubMed and CINAHL. Subsequently, the articles underwent Sophiahemmet University´s assessment basis for scientific classification and quality. To analyze and compile the results, an integrated data analysis was used.

    Results

    Three main categories were identified: Identification of child abuse, Management of an abused child and Interprofesional collaboration. The identification of maltreatment is a prerequisite for being able to care for abused or neglected children. Depending on the way in which the child was harmed, different care measures were required. Time constraints, insufficient knowledge, and fear are barriers that could make it difficult to identify and care for abused children. Interprofessional collaboration was beneficial for both identification and care.

    Conclusions

    The literature review described the care of abused children. Identifying these children was a prerequisite for adequate measures. Barriers to care were also presented, whereas an awareness of these barriers could contribute to the preventive work. Cooperation with other professions proved to be beneficial for the care of these children. The person-centered approach was both a tool for identification and a prerequisite for adequate care.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Engelkes, Liv & Tollsten, Ellen
  • Strömberg, Cornelia
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Buskas, Emma
    Sophiahemmet University.
    ADHD hos kvinnor: hälsoupplevelser och strategier vid ohälsa: en icke-systematisk litteraturöversikt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    ADHD is a neuropsychiatric condition characterized by a combination of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. It is more common among boys under 18 years old, but the gender distribution evens out among patients over 18 years old. This leveling is believed to be due to an increasing number of women receiving the diagnosis in adulthood. Recent research findings have highlighted that the symptoms and impact of ADHD vary depending on gender. Consequently, many women have long remained undiagnosed, related to the comorbidity associated with the diagnosis, leading to unnecessary suffering due to inadequate care. 

    Aim

    The aim was to describe experiences of health and strategies during illness among women with ADHD.

    Method

    A non-systematic literature review was conducted based on 16 scientific articles that encompassed both qualitative and quantitative design methods. The articles were selected from the databases PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycInfo using relevant keywords tailored to the specific purpose. The articles underwent quality assessment, and their content was analyzed through the application of an integrated analysis method. 

    Results

    In the compilation of results, two main categories were identified: Health Experiences in Women with ADHD and Strategies for Illness in Women with ADHD. Furthermore, five subcategories were identified. The results indicate that women with ADHD who successfully integrated self-care and coping strategies exhibited better health. The experience of security in the interaction with healthcare professionals and mutual engagement emerged as significant factors when women sought care.

    Conclusions

    This literature review revealed that comorbidity of mental health conditions was common among women with ADHD. These factors had a negative impact on women's health as they influenced and reinforced each other on multiple levels. Self-care and coping strategies were of crucial importance for the health of female ADHD patients, enabling them to manage symptoms and navigate everyday challenges. When nurses approached women with an understanding and person-centered attitude, their motivation to implement self-care routines in their daily lives increased. Women diagnosed later in life tended to develop destructive behaviors as a result of inadequate coping strategies and insufficient care.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Cornelia Strömberg & Emma Buskas
  • Lyström, Ebba
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Schlömer, Wilma
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Personers upplevelse av att erhålla vård vid ätstörningar: en litteraturöversikt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Eating disorders are a growing problem in society and can occur in persons regardless of body weight, gender identity, or ethnicity. Stereotypes about how a person with an eating disorder looks and behaves exist both within society and within the healthcare system. People with eating disorders can seek care and support in both primary health-care settings and specialized eating disorder services. Since eating disorders pose a psychological and somatic threat to a person’s health, nurses in all areas of care need to have knowledge and understanding of the person’s situation. 

    Aim

    The aim of this literature review is to describe the person’s experience of receiving care for eating disorders. 

    Method

    A non-systematic literature review based on 15 scientific original articles. The articles were retrieved from the databases CINAHL and PubMed using various combinations of keywords. A quality assessment of the articles was conducted based on Sophiahemmet University's assessment criteria for scientific classification and quality. An integrated data analysis approach was used to compile the results.

    Results

    The compiled results were presented under three main categories: Experiences of a weight focus, The need to be taken seriously, and Significance of the healthcare relationship. The results indicate that regardless of the eating disorder diagnosis, the eating disorder care is often experienced as excluding. Additionally, it is important for the person to get the illness confirmed and to develop a compassionate patient-caregiver relationship. 

    Conclusions

    This literature review showed that when eating disorder care is experienced as inclusive and tailored to the person, there are good opportunities to achieve a positive treatment outcome. With increased knowledge and understanding about eating disorders, nurses through their nursing responsibilities can meet the desire for eating disorder care to be based on a holistic perspective.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FINAL C-uppsats Ebba Lyström & Wilma Schlömer (3)