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  • 1. Vasconcellos-Silva, Paulo Roberto
    et al.
    Sormunen, Taina
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Gransjön Craftman, Åsa
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Evolution of accesses to information on breast cancer and screeing on the Brazilian National Cancer Institute website: An exploratory study2018In: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, ISSN 1413-8123, E-ISSN 1678-4561, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 1303-1312Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Delays in diagnosis due to low Breast Cancer awareness are widespread in Brazil maybe owing to ineffective strategies to raise attention on early diagnosis. As a proxy of collective interest in BC screanning (BCS) we studied the monthly accesses to BC and BCS webpages in INCA’s website along 48 months. A log analyzer built a time serie (2006-2009) of BC and BCS monthly means, which oscilations were studied by analysis of variance (ANOVA). We found significant increasing accesses to BC and transient "attention peaks". Enlargement in BC/BCS differences along all period were caused by increasing accesses to BC and decreasing/minor/stable oscillations to SBC pages. These results are consistent with previous reports on increasing interest to BC contrasting with indifference on BCS. In the context of an exploratory study, we discussed some aspects: weakness of a "prevention culture"; lack of confidence in health system and screening programs; "celebrity effect" in the context of media framing; collective perception of risks heightened by perception of social vulnerability. Findings suggest that culture-tailored communication strategies would be necessary to inform Brazilian people about BCS. Future research is needed to study social perceptions and constructions on BC topics.

  • 2.
    Alrajhi, Asrar
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Sormunen, Taina
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Alsubhi, Hani
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Factors affecting bedside handover between nurses in critical care area2018In: IOSR Journal of Nursing and Health Science, ISSN 2320-1940, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 53-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Handover is an important process in nursing care especially in critical care area because it involves transferring patient data. Improving handover between nurses can lead to improved patient safety. Nurses must be qualified to provide quality care, and they need to have the nursing knowledge and skills to avoid errors and increase the well-being of patients. Nurses must view patients as the centre of care because care is the core of nursing practice. The purpose of this study was to identify factors affecting bedside handover/handoff between nurses in the critical care area from a patient safety perspective. A literature review was used as a method in this study. This method helped to identify the problem and locate articles necessary to achieve the study’s aim. The authors achieved the aim by reviewing, analysing, and examining the results from 16 primary academic studies. The articles found via searches in the PubMed database. The results showed that factors affecting bedside handover in critical care area, specifically from four aspects: nurses, patient, environment, hospital standards perspectives. In addition, the authors identified the factors affected by nurses, which related to nursing behaviour, communication skills, nurse experience, and documentation during bedside handover. Nurses need to be skilled in effective communication and work in collaboration with a high level of interaction, with successful decision-making, appropriate staff, and responsible leadership. In addition, if critical care nurses develop and update their delivery of care, that leads to achieving patient safety. The authors consider the communication and nursing experience as main points to focus on during bedside handover. Additionally, handwriting considered the main problem in the documentation, which could be resolved by typing via electronic documentation. This literature review showed that nurses need to improve bedside handover in critical care area by minimizing those factors (our finding) that to increased levels of patient safety. Nurses need to always consider the patient during nursing care practice as a centre of care.

  • 3.
    Sormunen, Taina
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Westerbotn, Margareta
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Aanesen, A
    Karlgren, K
    Infertility related communication and coping strategies among women affected by fertility problems in Sweden2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Sormunen, Taina
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Aanesen, Arthur
    Fossum, Bjöörn
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Karlgren, Klas
    Westerbotn, Margareta
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Infertility-related communication and coping strategies among women affected by primary or secondary infertility2018In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 27, no 1-2, p. e335-e344Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Infertility is a worldwide problem and is experienced as psychologically stressful. Communication about infertility varies depending on clinical aspects, personal relationships and culture. The aim of this study was to explore infertility-related communication and coping strategies among women affected by, primary or secondary fertility problems.

    METHODS: A quantitative cross-sectional study design was used. One hundred ninety-nine women affected by primary and secondary infertility were recruited from one fertility clinic in Stockholm. A structured self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. The answers were compared across the two groups using the chi-squared test for independence.

    RESULTS: The majority of the women discussed infertility related subjects with intimate friends and/or relatives and did not discuss the results of examinations and tests with people outside of the family. There were significant differences between the two groups. Twice as many women with secondary infertility acknowledged that they never talk about the causes or results of the tests and examinations with other people, compared with women with primary infertility. Approximately 25 percent of the women with primary infertility used distraction techniques, such as turning to work, as a coping strategy compared to women with secondary infertility (10%). Some women did not discuss the inability to conceive and reasons why they were childless with their spouses. Twelve percent of the women reported that they left the room when the subjects of children were being discussed. Approximately 30 percent of the participants did not ask friends or relatives for advice and a few were not able to discuss how tests and treatments affected them emotionally.

    CONCLUSION: The present study indicates that a majority of infertile women discuss about infertility-related subjects with their spouses. However they are less likely to discuss the reason for infertility and results of tests and examinations with people outside the family.

    RELEVANCE TO THE CLINICAL PRACTICE: The result of the current study can be useful regarding interventions for women affected by primary or by secondary infertility. The healthcare staff must be alert and attentive in order to pay attention to these possible challenges. Identification of women at risk of developing emotional problems due to communication difficulties regarding infertility-related issues merits close attention. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  • 5.
    Alshaikh, Zahra
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Alkhodari, Mohammed
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Sormunen, Taina
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Hillerås, Pernilla
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Nurses' knowledge about palliative care in an intensive care unit in Saudi Arabia2015In: Middle East Journal of Nursing, ISSN 1834-8742, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 7-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Most patients die in hospital settings either in intensive care unit (ICU), emergency department (ED) or other departments. In Saudi Arabia, approximately 23,000 persons are diagnosed with cancer every year. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), palliative care is a holistic activity that involves physical, psychosocial and spiritual human needs to enhance quality of life for patients and their families. Palliative care is an essential aspect to be applied for patients with chronic diseases to improve their quality of life. Earlier studies have shown that physicians, nurses and nurse assistants who work in long-term care settings lack the knowledge to enforce palliative care principles due to lack of education. According to the WHO, health care professionals should be educated and trained to apply palliative care.Aim: The aim of this study was to explore nurses' knowledge about palliative care in an intensive care unit in Saudi Arabia. Method: Eight individual qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted. Interviews were audiotaped and transcribed verbatim. Manifest content analysis was used to analyze the data. Results: The palliative care concept was not familiar for most ICU nurses but it was applied in their daily work. Most nurses provided physical care at the end of life to keep the body intact. Some nurses highlighted that dying patients did not feel pain to be treated and did not have emotions to be supported.Conclusions: Nurses had insufficient knowledge of palliative care and how to apply it in ICU setting. The provision of additional education in palliative care is recommended in order to improve the knowledge of palliative care among nurses.

  • 6.
    Rådestad, Ingela
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Henley, K
    Sormunen, Taina
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Perinatal palliative care after a stillbirth: Midwives experiences of using Cubitus baby2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Rådestad, Ingela
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Sormunen, Taina
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Rudenhed, Lisa
    Sophiahemmet University.
    Pettersson, Karin
    Sleeping patterns of Swedish women experiencing a stillbirth between 2000-2014: an observational study2016In: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, ISSN 1471-2393, E-ISSN 1471-2393, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 193-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: External (to the fetus) stressors may act together with maternal factors as well as fetal and placental factors to increase the risk of stillbirth. Data published in 2011 indicate non-left side sleeping positions, particularly the supine one, is such a stressor; we do not know, however, if this new knowledge has influenced the choice of sleeping position among pregnant women.

    METHODS: Using a web-based questionnaire made available at the home page of the Swedish national infant foundation we collected information on sleeping positions among women who gave birth to a stillborn baby between 2000 and 2014.

    RESULTS: The questionnaire was completed by 583 women. About one third of the women reporting their sleeping position stated that they lay down on their the left side when going to bed, and another third reported lying down as often on the left as on the right side. Figures for typically going to bed on the left side the 4 weeks preceding the stillbirth was as follows: 72 (30 %) of 242 between 2011 and 2014 and 86 (27 %) of 313 between 2000 and 2010. Among the 240 women who remembered their position when waking up on the day the stillbirth was diagnosed, 63 (26 %) reported a supine position.

    CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that one third of the women went to bed on the left side the month before the stillbirth. The data are consistent with the notion that efforts in Sweden to advise women to lie on their left side when going to bed may decrease the rate of stillbirth.

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