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Cancer disclosure-account from a pediatric oncology ward in Egypt
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2017 (English)In: Psycho-Oncology, ISSN 1057-9249, E-ISSN 1099-1611, ISSN 1057-9249, Vol. 26, no 5, 679-685 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: Informing the child about his/her diagnosis and treatment plan is essential; research has shown that it is related to the patient's quality of life and adherence to medication.

METHODS: For 7 months during 2008 (February to September), 2 study-specific questionnaires were constructed and administered to 304 parents of children diagnosed with cancer at the Children's Cancer Hospital Egypt.

RESULTS: Among the 313 eligible parents of children diagnosed with cancer, 304 (97%) answered the first questionnaire and 281 (92%) answered the second questionnaire. We found that nearly three-quarters (72%) of the parents had their child's cancer diagnosis communicated by the physician. Among the 72%, the rate of the children present with the parent or parents during the disease disclosure conversation was 39% (n = 85/219). The majority of the children were in the age group 5-18 years (55%).

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that cancer disclosure at the Children's Cancer Hospital is to a certain degree common; yet even when disclosure does take place, it is mainly in the absence of the child. Moreover, the information provided during the conversation may not be fully comprehended by the parent or the child because of the physician's misleading use of terms when disclosing the disease. Therefore, better practice should be developed for disease disclosure, and proper communication should be established between the patients and the provider; patient autonomy should also have an influence in the clinical practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Chichester: Wiley , 2017. Vol. 26, no 5, 679-685 p.
Keyword [en]
Cancer, Communication in health care, Disease disclosure, Oncology, Pediatric oncology, Psychosocial oncology
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:shh:diva-2408DOI: 10.1002/pon.4207PubMedID: 27362448OAI: oai:DiVA.org:shh-2408DiVA: diva2:954737
Available from: 2016-08-23 Created: 2016-08-23 Last updated: 2017-08-31Bibliographically approved

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