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Prevention of malnutrition in South Africa among children
Sophiahemmet University.
Sophiahemmet University.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background

Malnutrition among children in South Africa is a substantial public health problem. Especially young children are vulnerable and exposed to malnutrition. Children suffering from malnutrition develop many short- and long-term health-consequences. Effective preventative work against this issue is crucial in order for malnutrition to diminish among the children in South Africa.

Aim

The aim was to describe how the preventative work against malnutrition is being performed among children aged zero to six in South Africa.

Method

The method used in this study was a qualitative descriptive study with six semi-structured interviews. Interviews were performed with registered nurses and researchers. The interview-data was analyzed based on a grounded theory through substantive coding where the most relevant codes where found, studied and concluded in the results.

Results

The results showed that both the registered nurses and researchers considered socioeconomic-factors and lack of knowledge about nutrition to be the most important causes for malnutrition among children, and also impacted heavily on the preventative work. It was found that more effective preventative work is needed, but for this to work it needs to be adapted to the social context in the country.

Conclusions

The preventative work against malnutrition must be able to break through socioeconomic barriers like poverty, misguided cultural beliefs about nutrition, lacking food security and the fact that many mothers to children are HIV positive, which also is strongly connected to malnutrition among young children. Education about nutrition must be further developed and reach out to more people in the country.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
South Africa, Malnutrition, Education, Prevention, Children
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:shh:diva-2133OAI: oai:DiVA.org:shh-2133DiVA: diva2:903091
External cooperation
Minor Field Studies
Educational program
Sjuksköterskeprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-02-15 Created: 2016-02-13 Last updated: 2016-02-15Bibliographically approved

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Enström Pettersson.pdf(652 kB)360 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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