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Fluconazole-induced intoxication with phenytoin in a patient with ultra-high activity of CYP2C9
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2010 (English)In: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, ISSN 0031-6970, E-ISSN 1432-1041, Vol. 66, no 8, 791-5 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE: The cytochrome P450 enzyme CYP2C9 metabolizes several important drugs, such as warfarin and oral antidiabetic drugs. The enzyme is polymorphic, and all known alleles, for example, CYP2C9*2 and*3, give decreased activity. Ultra-high activity of the enzyme has not yet been reported.

METHODS: We present a patient with Behçet's disease who required treatment with high doses of phenytoin. When fluconazole, a potent inhibitor of CYP2C9, was added to the treatment regimen, the patient developed ataxia, tremor, fatigue, slurred speech and somnolence, indicating phenytoin intoxication. On suspicion of ultra-high activity of CYP2C9, a phenotyping test for CYP2C9 with losartan was performed.

RESULTS: The patient was shown to have a higher activity of CYP2C9 than any of the 190 healthy Swedish Caucasians used as controls.

CONCLUSIONS: Our finding of an ultrarapid metabolism of losartan and phenytoin may apply to other CYP2C9 substrates, where inhibition of CYP2C9 may cause severe adverse drug reactions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 66, no 8, 791-5 p.
Keyword [en]
Bechet's disease, Losartan, Ultrarapid metabolizer
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:shh:diva-1469DOI: 10.1007/s00228-010-0820-7PubMedID: 20405111OAI: oai:DiVA.org:shh-1469DiVA: diva2:665286
Available from: 2013-11-19 Created: 2013-11-19 Last updated: 2013-11-19Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • ieee
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  • vancouver
  • Other style
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  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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