shh.sePublikationer
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Gender differences in patients with hip fracture: aspects on care and recovery
Sophiahemmet University.
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Hip fractures in the elderly are common and impose a substantial burden on the healthcare system. This fracture population consists of many subgroups that often require differentiated and extensive acute and postfracture care. The aim of this thesis was to basically characterise a hip fracture population at time of admission, present postoperative results and discuss aspects that may influence recovery. Gender differences are specifically addressed.  Study I, II and IV derive from a consecutive series of 2213 patients with hip fracture admitted to four major hospitals in Stockholm, while Study III was a small pilot study.      In Study I we investigated the effect of time-to-surgery on: ability to return to own home, incidence of pressure ulcers, length of stay (LOS), and mortality. Patients who had surgery within 24, 36 or 48 hours were compared with those who had surgery later. The ability to return to own home was affected in patients who had to wait longer than 36 and 48 hours. The incidence of pressure ulcers and LOS increased at all time limits. In Study II we investigated gender differences in two subgroups, characterized by normal cognitive function versus cognitive dysfunction, and whether such differences influenced patient ability to: return to own home, regain walking ability and perform activities of daily living (ADL). Cognitive function was assessed by the Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire (SPMSQ). Dysfunction was equally common by gender. Patients with normal function (SPMSQ 8-10) were younger and healthier, resided more often in their own homes and were able to manage ADL independently, with no gender differences. In patients with dysfunction (SPMSQ 0-7), men had more comorbidity on admission, greater loss of walking ability and higher mortality after the fracture episode. We found that cognitive status was the overarching most important factor for predicting outcome. In Study III we examined gastric emptying time of 400 ml carbohydrate rich drink in ten elderly women with acute hip fracture, and compared results with two reference groups of healthy women. The mean half gastric emptying time in the study group was 57 ± 5 (39-82) minutes, to be compared with 58 ±4 (41-106) and 58 ±5 (33-72) in the two reference groups. No adverse event was observed during anesthesia. Consequently, it should be possible to give patients a carbohydrate-rich drink before surgery instead of ordering strict fasting (NPO), which in turn could improve the patients’ chances to recover and regain prefracture status. In Study IV we focused on gender differences in complications; specifically on factors associated with common general complications. Complications were common with an incidence of 59% in men and 56% in women (ns). Most common were urinary tract infection, pressure ulcer, cardiac complications and pneumonia. Male gender emerged as an independent risk factor for suffering from pneumonia, and female gender for urinary tract infection. Besides gender, time-to-surgery, cognitive function, cardiovascular and pulmonary disease on admission were independent risk factors for suffering complication. In conclusion, there are gender differences among patients admitted to a hospital for acute hip fracture, both with regard to status on admission and outcome. Cognitive dysfunction, equally common among women and men, has a major impact on incidence of complication and functional recovery. Men with cognitive dysfunction are at greater risk. With increased awareness of risk factors and gender bias, along with reduced waiting time for surgery, it should be possible to decrease complication incidence and improve outcome. We found no evidence for prolonged gastric emptying time of a carbohydrate-rich beverage, which implies it may be possible to provide patients with a carbohydrate-rich drink before surgery instead of adhering to strict fasting

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Karolinska Institutet , 2011. , 50 p.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:shh:diva-1194OAI: oai:DiVA.org:shh-1194DiVA: diva2:572901
Public defence
2011-05-06, Sophiahemmet Högskola, Erforssalen, Valhallavägen 91, Ingång R, Stockholm, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-11-29 Created: 2012-11-29 Last updated: 2016-06-09Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Early operation on patients with a hip fracture improved the ability to return to independent living:  a prospective study of 850 patients
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Early operation on patients with a hip fracture improved the ability to return to independent living:  a prospective study of 850 patients
Show others...
2008 (English)In: The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American volume, ISSN 1535-1386, Vol. 90, no 7, 1436-42 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: The outcome for many patients with a hip fracture remains poor. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the timing of surgery in such patients could influence the short-term clinical outcome. METHODS: We included 850 consecutive patients with a hip fracture who were admitted to the hospital during one year in a prospective study. Three cutoff limits for a comparison of early and late operation were defined. The outcome (the ability to return to independent living, risk for the development of pressure ulcers, length of the hospital stay, and mortality rate) for patients who had an operation within twenty-four, thirty-six, and forty-eight hours was compared with the outcome for those who had an operation at a later time. RESULTS: Patients who had the operation more than thirty-six and forty-eight hours after admission were less likely to return to independent living within four months (odds ratio, 0.44 and 0.33, respectively), whereas there was no significant difference with use of the twenty-four-hour cutoff limit. The incidence of pressure ulcers in the groups that had the operation later was increased at all three cutoff limits (a delay of more than twenty-four hours, more than thirty-six hours, and more than forty-eight hours) (odds ratio, 2.19, 3.42, and 4.34, respectively). The length of hospitalization was also increased in the groups that had the later operation (median, fourteen compared with eighteen days, fifteen compared with nineteen days, and fifteen compared with twenty-one days, respectively) (p < 0.001 for all comparisons). The importance of surgical timing remained significant after adjusting for several possible confounders (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Early compared with late operative treatment of patients with a hip fracture is associated with an improved ability to return to independent living, a reduced risk for the development of pressure ulcers, and a shortened hospital stay.

National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:shh:diva-101 (URN)10.2106/JBJS.G.00890 (DOI)18594090 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2010-03-02 Created: 2010-02-25 Last updated: 2012-11-29Bibliographically approved
2. Gender differences and cognitive aspects on functional outcome after hip fracture: a 2 years' follow-up of 2,134 patients
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender differences and cognitive aspects on functional outcome after hip fracture: a 2 years' follow-up of 2,134 patients
Show others...
2009 (English)In: Age and Ageing, ISSN 1468-2834, Vol. 38, no 6, 686-92 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: hip fractures as well as cognitive dysfunction become increasingly prevalent in growing ageing populations. Hip fractures are approximately three times more common in elderly women. OBJECTIVE: we analysed outcome after hip fracture with respect to gender and cognitive function. DESIGN: population-based, prospective cohort study. SETTING: four university hospitals in Stockholm, Sweden. SUBJECTS: a total of 2,134 consecutive patients admitted with hip fracture during 2003. METHODS: gender differences in residence, walking ability and activity of daily living (ADL) were analysed at baseline, after 4 and 24 months in patients with and without intact cognitive function. RESULTS: women were older, more often living alone and had poorer walking ability (P < 0.001). Cognitive dysfunction was equally common by gender. Women were more often treated with a prosthesis (P < 0.001) and sent to rehabilitation (P < 0.001). In the cognitive dysfunction group, men had more co-morbidity (P < 0.001) and total loss of walking ability (P = 0.03), but more often resided in own homes (P = 0.03). There was no gender difference in ADL. CONCLUSION: men had a higher risk for loss of walking ability and death only in patients with cognitive dysfunction. Cognitive function was the most important factor for returning to own home and regain pre-fracture function.

National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:shh:diva-100 (URN)10.1093/ageing/afp169 (DOI)19767316 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2010-03-02 Created: 2010-02-25 Last updated: 2012-11-29Bibliographically approved
3. Gastric emptying in nine elderly patients with hip fracture: normal emptying time of 400 ml carbohydrate-rich drink
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gastric emptying in nine elderly patients with hip fracture: normal emptying time of 400 ml carbohydrate-rich drink
(English)Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Keyword
Hip fracture, Elderly, Carbohydrate-rich drink, Gastric emptying, Anesthesia
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:shh:diva-455 (URN)
Available from: 2011-05-23 Created: 2011-05-23 Last updated: 2012-11-29Bibliographically approved
4. Gender differences in comorbidity and complications after hip fracture: a prospective cohort study of 1,955 Swedish patients
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender differences in comorbidity and complications after hip fracture: a prospective cohort study of 1,955 Swedish patients
Show others...
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:shh:diva-1193 (URN)
Available from: 2012-11-29 Created: 2012-11-29 Last updated: 2012-11-29Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Avhandlingens originalpublicering vid KI
By organisation
Sophiahemmet University
Nursing

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 124 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf