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Att bry sig eller inte bry sig: om compassion fatigue: en litteraturöversikt om faktorer som kan leda till compassion fatigue
Sophiahemmet University.
Sophiahemmet University.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
To care or not to care: about compassion fatigue : a litterature review about factors that can lead to compassion fatigue (English)
Abstract [sv]

Compassion fatigue (CF) är ett begrepp som introducerades som en form av utmattning för sjuksköterskor. CF utvecklas från att känna ett obehag för medlidande till att i värsta fall övergå till att sjuksköterskan permanent har svårt att känna medlidande. Compassion fatigue användes första gången 1992 och det beskrevs som att sjuksköterskor glömde saker, dess uppmärksamhet minskade och de upplevde utmattning, trötthet, ilska samt kände sig sjuka. De brydde sig mindre och mindre och till slut inte alls.Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva de faktorer som kan orsaka compassion fatigue hos sjuksköterskor inom akutsjukvård.Metoden som användes var en litteraturöversikt. Databas sökningar gjordes via PubMed, CINAHL Complete och PsycINFO varav 18 artiklar inkluderades i resultatet. I denna litteraturöversikt användes både kvalitativa, kvantitativa och mixade artiklar, skrivna mellan 2009- 2019.I resultatet framkom det att de faktorer som kan orsaka CF var sociodemografiska, sociala, arbetsrelaterade, psykologiska och övriga faktorer såsom intag av olika substanser. Bland dessa faktorer fanns stress, chefsstöd och hantering av svåra situationer i form av exempelvis PsyCap.Slutsatsen var att Compassion fatigue är vanligt förekommande bland sjuksköterskor inom akutsjukvård och bör förebyggas för att sjuksköterskor ska kunna stanna kvar i yrket och ge en god och hållbar omvårdnad.

Abstract [en]

Compassion fatigue (CF) is a concept that was introduced as a form of fatigue for nurses. CF develops from feeling uncomfortable for compassion to, in the worst case, transitioning to the fact that the nurse is permanently having difficulty feeling compassion. Compassion fatigue was first used in 1992 and it was described as nurses forgetting things, their attention diminished and they experienced fatigue, tiredness, anger and feeling sick. They cared less and less and, in the end, not at all.The purpose of this study was to describe the factors that can cause compassion fatigue in nurses in emergency care.The method used was a literature review. Database searches were done via PubMed, CINAHL complete and PsycINFO of which 18 articles were included in the result. This literature review used both qualitative, quantitative and mixed articles, written between 2009 and 2019.The results showed that the factors that could cause CF were socio-demographic, social, work-related, psychological and other factors such as the intake of various substances. Among these factors were stress, support from managers and coping with difficult situations, as for example, PsyCap.The conclusion was that Compassion fatigue is a common occurrence among nurses in emergency care and should be prevented in order for nurses to remain in the profession and provide good and sustainable nursing care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 28
Keywords [en]
Compassion fatigue, Emergency care, Emergency nurses, Nurses, Secondary traumatic stress
Keywords [sv]
Akutsjukvård, Akutsjuksköterskor, Compassion fatigue, Secondary traumatic stress, Sjuksköterskor
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:shh:diva-3680OAI: oai:DiVA.org:shh-3680DiVA, id: diva2:1426831
Educational program
Specialistsjuksköterskeprogrammet : inriktning akutsjukvård
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-04-30 Created: 2020-04-27 Last updated: 2020-04-30Bibliographically approved

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