shh.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Hälsoeffekter av fysisk aktivitet hos patienter med cancerdiagnos
Sophiahemmet University.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Health effects of physical activity in patients with a cancer diagnosis (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund

Cancer är en folksjukdom. Forskning inom detta område utvecklas snabbt och tillbringar nya botemedel. Cancerrelaterad fatigue och sänkt livskvalité är de vanligaste negativa biverkningarna från cancer eller dess behandling. Det finns forskning som påvisar att fysisk aktivitet är hälsosamt och att den har skyddande effekt på visa sjukdomar. Effekter av fysisk aktivitet på cancer är fortfarande ganska ny kunskap men det finns rekommendationer för de fyra vanligaste cancrar: bröst-, prostata-, lung- och tjocktarmscancer. Behovet för liknande rekommendationer finns för andra cancertyper, då det skulle underlätta det hälsofrämjande arbetet för dessa patienter.

Syfte

Att beskriva hälsoeffekter av fysisk aktivitet vid diagnostiserad cancer hos vuxna.

Metod

Denna studie är en allmän litteraturöversikt. Inkluderade artiklar är granska de randomiserade kontrollerade studier på effekter av fysisk aktivitet på cancer som inte hör till de fyra vanligaste. Artiklarna hittades i litteraturdatabaserna: PubMed, CINAHL och Cancerlit.

Resultat

Efter urvalet kvarstod 15 artiklar, som delades i två kategorier beroende på interventionensintensitet: låg- och mellanintensiv fysisk aktivitet samt högintensiv fysisk aktivitet. Patienter med olika typer av cancer samt under eller efter cancerbehandling ingick istudien. De vanligaste hälsorelaterade utfallen var livskvalité, fatigue samt fysisk form. Drygt hälften av artiklarna kunde påvisa statistiskt signifikant bättre utfall i interventionsgruppen jämfört med kontroller. Få patienter och bristande följsamhet kan ha bidragit till avsaknad av statistisk signifikans i vissa studier. Inga tydliga skillnader mellan interventionens intensitet kunde fastställas.

Slutsats

Fysisk aktivitet sågs i denna studie ha effekt på livskvalité, fatigue, fysisk form och vissa andra hälsoparametrar hos patienter med cancer som inte hör till de fyra vanligaste. En klinisk tillämpning av resultaten genom till exempel fysisk aktivitet på recept ses kunna gynna den studerade patientgruppen.

Abstract [en]

Background

Cancer is a widespread disease. Research in this area is developing rapidly resulting in new treatments. Cancer related fatigue and worsened quality of life are the most common negative outcomes of cancer and its treatment. There is research demonstrating that physical activity is healthy and that it has a protective effect on certain diseases. Effects of physical activity on cancer are still fairly new knowledge, but there are recommendations for the four most common cancers: breast, prostate, lung and colon cancer. The need for similar recommendations exists for other types of cancer, as it would facilitate the health promotion work for these patients.

Aim

To describe the health effects of physical activity in adult cancer diagnoses.

Method

This study is a general literature review. Included articles are peer reviewed randomized controlled trials on effects of physical activity on cancers that are not among the four most common. The articles were found in the literature databases: PubMed, CINAHL and Cancerlit.

Results

After selection fifteen articles remained and were divided into two categories depending on terms of the intensity of the intervention: low- and medium-intensity physical activity and high-intensity physical activity. Patients with different types of cancer and during or after cancer treatment were included in the study. The most common health-related outcomes were quality of life, fatigue and physical fitness. More than half of the articles showed statistically significantly better outcomes in the intervention group compared to controls. Few patients and lack of adherence may have contributed to the lack of statistical significance in some studies. No clear differences between the intensity of the interventioncould be identified.

Conclusion

Physical activity was seen in this study to have an effect on quality of life, fatigue, physical fitness and some other health parameters, in patients with cancers that are not among the four most common. A clinical application of the results by, for example, physical activity on prescription could benefit the studied patient group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 23
Keywords [en]
Cancer, Fatigue, Health related effects, Physical activity, Quality of life
Keywords [sv]
Cancer, Fatigue, Fysisk aktivitet, Hälsoeffekter, Livskvalitet
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:shh:diva-3536OAI: oai:DiVA.org:shh-3536DiVA, id: diva2:1378880
Educational program
Sjuksköterskeprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-12-16 Created: 2019-12-15 Last updated: 2019-12-16Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

IzabelaGuala, K52, 2019(299 kB)4 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 299 kBChecksum SHA-512
b5dad644341e68f7bd37d69a27f43469aec5bec87161b3a68a7893d44dac9c8da14eeca3915df4749bbc165cb6cfba641a6df83f6172d69bacffbe34aab411bd
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Sophiahemmet University
Nursing

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 4 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 15 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
v. 2.35.9
|