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Patientens utmaningar och livskvalitet efter stomioperation
Sophiahemmet University.
Sophiahemmet University.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patient's challenges and quality of life after ostomy surgery (English)
Abstract [sv]

SAMMANFATTNING

Bakgrund  

Idag finns det runt 43 000 personer i Sverige som lever med stomi och sedan 2006 har antalet patienter ökat i alla regioner och landsting. Operationen förändrade patientens livssituation och dess upplevelse om den nya vardagen efter stomioperationen påverkade individens livskvalitet. Sjuksköterskans roll i möten med denna patientgrupp är att lindra deras lidande och främja deras livskvalitet. Patienters förändrade välbefinnande och livskvalitet efter stomioperationen ställer krav på sjuksköterskans kapacitet till att främja livskvaliteten. 

 

Syfte

Syftet var att beskriva utmaningar, livskvalitet hos patienter efter stomioperation samt behov av stöd av sjuksköterskan. 

Metod

Denna litteraturöversikt grundar sig på 15 vetenskapliga artiklar, både kvalitativa och kvantitativa studier. Databassökningen genomfördes i databaserna PubMed och CINAHL. De inkluderade artiklarna kvalitetsgranskades enligt Sophiahemmets bedömningstabell och analyserades med stöd av Integrerade analys.

Resultat

I studien framkom tre kategorier vilka ansågs viktiga för att beskriva patientens utmaningar, livskvalitet hos patienter efter stomioperation samt behov av sjuksköterskans stöd. 

Slutsats

Sammanfattningsvis visar resultatet att patienter som får stomi upplever negativ i större utsträckning som har sämre inverkan på deras livskvalitet. Sjuksköterska stöd genom rådgivning, stomiutbildning och egenvård kan minska problem och komplikationer i vardagen som har bättre inverkan på livskvalitet.

Abstract [en]

ABSTRACT

Background

Today, there are around 43,000 people in Sweden living with an ostomy and since 2006 the number of patients has been increased in all over the country. Changing the patient's life situation and their experience of the new everyday life after the ostomy operation affects the individual's quality of life. The nurse's role in meetings with this group of patients is to alleviate their suffering and promote their quality of life. Patients' changed well-being and quality of life after the ostomy operation lies demand on the nurse's capacity to promote quality of life.

Aim

The purpose was to describe challenges, quality of life in patients after ostomy surgery and the need for support from the nurse.

Method

This literature review is based on 15 scientific articles, both qualitative and quantitative studies. The database search was carried out in the databases PubMed and CINAHL. The included articles were peer-reviewed according to Sophiahemmet's assessment table and analyzed with support from Integrated analysis.

Results

The study identified three categories that were considered important to describe the patient's challenges, the quality of life of patients after ostomy surgery and the need for nurse support.

Conclusions

In summary, the results show that patients who have an ostomy experience negatively to a greater extent that have a lower impact on their quality of life. Nurse support through counseling, ostomy education and self-care can reduce problems and complications in everyday life that have a better impact on quality of life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 23
Keywords [en]
Stoma, Quality of life, Ostomy care, Nurse's role and support
Keywords [sv]
Stomi, Livskvalitet, Stomivård, Sjuksköterskans roll och stöd
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:shh:diva-3528OAI: oai:DiVA.org:shh-3528DiVA, id: diva2:1373712
Educational program
Sjuksköterskeprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-11-28 Created: 2019-11-27 Last updated: 2019-11-28Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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