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Circulating H3Cit is elevated in a human model of endotoxemia and can be detected bound to microvesicles.
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2018 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 8, no 1, article id 12641Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Early diagnosis of sepsis is crucial since prompt interventions decrease mortality. Citrullinated histone H3 (H3Cit), released from neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) upon binding of platelets to neutrophils following endotoxin stimulation, has recently been proposed a promising blood biomarker in sepsis. Moreover, microvesicles (MVs), which are released during cell activation and apoptosis and carry a variety of proteins from their parental cells, have also been shown to be elevated in sepsis. In a randomized and placebo-controlled human model of endotoxemia (lipopolysaccharide injection; LPS), we now report significant LPS-induced elevations of circulating H3Cit in 22 healthy individuals. We detected elevations of circulating H3Cit by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), as well as bound to MVs quantified by flow cytometry. H3Cit-bearing MVs expressed neutrophil and/or platelet surface markers, indicating platelet-neutrophil interactions. In addition, in vitro experiments revealed that H3Cit can bind to phosphatidylserine exposed on platelet derived MVs. Taken together; our results demonstrate that NETs can be detected in peripheral blood during endotoxemia by two distinct H3Cit-specific methods. Furthermore, we propose a previously unrecognized mechanism by which H3Cit may be disseminated throughout the vasculature by the binding to MVs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 8, no 1, article id 12641
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Immunology in the medical area
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URN: urn:nbn:se:shh:diva-3158DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-31013-4PubMedID: 30140006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:shh-3158DiVA, id: diva2:1261799
Available from: 2018-11-08 Created: 2018-11-08 Last updated: 2019-02-20Bibliographically approved

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