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Healthcare utilisation, induced labour and caesarean section in the pregnancy after stillbirth: a prospective study
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2017 (English)In: British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, ISSN 1470-0328, E-ISSN 1471-0528Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To investigate healthcare utilisation, induced labour and caesarean section (CS) in the pregnancy after stillbirth and assess anxiety and dread of childbirth as mediators for these outcomes.

DESIGN: Population-based pregnancy cohort study.

SETTING: The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study.

SAMPLE: 901 pregnant women; 174 pregnant after stillbirth, 362 pregnant after live birth and 365 previously nulliparous.

METHODS: Data from questionnaires answered in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy and information from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported assessment of antenatal care, register-based assessment of onset and mode of delivery.

RESULTS: Women with a previous stillbirth had more frequent antenatal visits (mean 10.0; 95% confidence interval [CI] 9.4 - 10.7) compared with women with a previous live birth (6.0; 5.8 - 6.2) and previously nulliparous women (6.3; 6.1 - 6.6). Induced labour and CS, elective and emergency, were also more prevalent in the stillbirth group. The adjusted odds ratio for elective CS was 2.5 (95% CI 1.3 - 5.0) compared with women with previous live birth and 3.7 (1.8 - 7.6) compared with previously nulliparous women. Anxiety was a minor mediator for the association between stillbirth and frequency of antenatal visits, while dread of childbirth was not a significant mediator for elective CS.

CONCLUSIONS: Women pregnant after stillbirth were more ample users of healthcare services and had more often induced labour and CS. The higher frequency of antenatal visits and elective CS could not be accounted for by anxiety or dread of childbirth. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
MoBa, Stillbirth, The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort study, anxiety, caesarean section, induced labour, prenatal care
National Category
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:shh:diva-2678DOI: 10.1111/1471-0528.14750PubMedID: 28516500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:shh-2678DiVA: diva2:1109042
Available from: 2017-06-13 Created: 2017-06-13 Last updated: 2017-06-13Bibliographically approved

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Rådestad, Ingela
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Sophiahemmet University
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